Bariatric Surgery Mechanism, Types, Side Effects

Bariatric Surgery is performed on obese people. It has several types including gastric bypass, sleeve gastrectomy, and adjustable gastric band.

Bariatric Surgery Mechanism, Types, Side Effects

  • 2021-01-01 02:33:57
  • Selcuk Ince

Bariatric Surgery is defined as a variety of procedures performed on people who are obese. Exercise and diet most of the time fail to treat people having extreme weight. It is shown that bariatric surgery may lower the death rates of patients having severe obesity.

How Bariatric Surgery Works

The principle of bariatric surgery is to restrict food intake and lower the absorption of nutrients in the stomach and intestines. The digestion process starts in the mouth and continues until the intestines. Bariatric surgery is aimed to interrupt this digestion process, and in this way, food will not be broken down into nutrients as usual. The reduction in nutrients and calories enables patients to lose weight and decrease their obesity, and obesity-related health risks.

Why Choose Bariatric Surgery

When you have excess weight, you will have some potentially life-threatening weight-related health problems including health diseases and stroke, type 2 diabetes, sleep apnoea, and high blood pressure. To lower weight-related health risks, people prefer to have bariatric surgery.

Who is It for

Mostly, bariatric surgery is a good option if your body mass index (BMI) is 40 or higher, or your BMI is 35 to 39.9, but you have a serious health-related problem such as high blood pressure.

Bariatric surgery isn’t for everyone who is overweight. You need to pass certain screening processes to qualify for the surgery. You may need to continue long-term monitoring plans covering your nutrition, medical state, and lifestyle.

Types of Bariatric Surgeries

- Gastric Bypass: The Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass which is known also as gastric bypass is assumed as the gold standard of weight-loss surgeries. The procedure is done in steps. First, a small stomach pouch is created by dividing the stomach. Second, the first portion of the small intestine is divided, and the bottom end is connected to the small new stomach pouch. This procedure is completed by connecting the top part of the divided intestine to the small intestine.

- Sleeve Gastrectomy: The Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy which is called the sleeve is done by nearly removing 80 percent of the stomach. The new stomach will look like a banana. The procedure works by several mechanisms. First, the new stomach will hold a smaller volume than the normal stomach and helps to reduces the amount of food consumed. The surgery will also affect the hormones that are related to factors including hunger and blood sugar control.

Adjustable Gastric Band: The Adjustable Gastric Band includes an inflatable band that is placed on the upper portion of the stomach. With the help of this device, eating a small amount of food will satisfy hunger and promote a sense of fullness. Reducing the size of the opening is done gradually with several adjustments.

Risks and Side Effects

Bariatric surgery risks include the inability to eat some foods, infection, acid reflux, obstruction of the stomach, dilation of the esophagus, and weight gain.

Bariatric surgery may be a good option if you meet certain criteria. And if you are looking to know more about bariatric surgery options in Turkey please click here. You can both have bariatric surgery and have a chance to visit a lovely country. Please don’t hesitate to contact Conmert for available bariatric surgery facilities in Turkey. We will be more than happy to help you.